Analysis of Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight Events


  • Sri Dinengsih
  • Nur Rahmi Hardiyati Universitas Nasional
  • Nurul Husnul Lail



Low birth weight (LBW) babies weighing less than 2500 grams have a general condition that they are smaller than normal birth weight babies. Infants with low birth weight are a major factor in increasing infant and child neonatal mortality, morbidity and disability and have a long-term impact on their lives in the future.

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with the incidence of low birth weight at Aulia General Hospital, South Jakarta.

The research method is an analytical survey design with a cross sectional approach. The sample was 64 patients who gave birth to mothers in the maternal care room at RSU Aulia, South Jakarta. Sampling using purposive sampling with a questionnaire. The analysis was carried out by using the chi square test.

The results of the study from 64 mothers giving birth at RSU Aulia, South Jakarta, obtained 50% of low birth weight babies. Bivariate analysis obtained all variables age (p value 0.000), anemia (p value 0.001), knowledge (p value 0.024), hypertension (p value 0.002), and anxiety (p value 0.000) <0.05 were significantly related to birth weight. low.

The conclusion is that mothers who are at risk, have anemia, have low knowledge, have a history of hypertension, and feel anxious are likely to experience low birth weight.

Suggestions for pregnant women to pay attention to their pregnancy and the condition of the fetus through ANC visits to health workers..


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Nur Rahmi Hardiyati, Universitas Nasional

Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan


Herliana. Factors Influencing the Incidence of Low Birth Weight Babies in Maternity Mothers at the Sanggiran Health Center, West Simeulue District in 2019.; 2019.

WHO. Newborn Health. World Health Organization.

Ministry of Health. Basic Health Research. Balitbang Kemenkes RI; 2020.

BPS DKI Jakarta. Number of Babies Born, Low Birth Weight Babies (BBLR), Referred BBLR, and Less Nutritious Toddlers According to Regencies/Cities in DKI Jakarta Province 2018-2021. Central Bureau of Statistics.

Sabili MI. factors influencing the incidence of low birth weight (BBLR) in the working area of the Tanralili Health Center, Maros Regency.; 2019.

Rosita S, Afrianti T. Relationship of Maternal Factors with BBLR Incidence in Toddlers at the Indrajaya Health Center, Aceh Jaya Regency. J Education, Science, and Hum. 2021;9(3):518-525.

Halu SAN. The Relationship between Mother's Socioeconomic Status and the Incidence of Low Birth Weight at the La'o Health Center. J Health Insights. 2019;4(2):74-80.

Khoiriah A. The Relationship Between Age and Parity of Maternity Mothers with Low Birth Weight Babies (BBLR) at Siti Khadijah Islamic Hospital Palembang. J Health. 2017;8( 2):310-314. DOI:

Burhan SL, Bujawati E, Syarfaini S, Adha AS. Maternal anemia and low birth weight in Gowa Regency, Indonesia. Diver dis prev res integr. 2022;2(2):98-109. DOI:

Sadarang RAI. Study of Low Birth Weight Incidence in Indonesia: Data Analysis of Indonesia's Demographic and Health Survey in 2017. J Kesmas Jambi. 2021;5(2):28-35. DOI:

Haryanti SY, Pangestuti DR, Kartini A. Anemia and SEZ in Pregnant Women as Risk Factors for the Incidence of Low Birth Weight Babies (BBLR) (Study in the Working Area of the Juwana Health Center, Pati Regency). J Health Masy. 2019;7(1):322-329.

Nur AF. Anemia and Incidence of Low Birth Weight at Anutapura Palu General Hospital. J Nutrition and Health. 2018;2(2):63-66. DOI:

Aditianti, Djaiman SPH. Effect of Pregnant Women's Anemia on Low Birth Weight: A Meta-Analysis Study of Several Countries From 2015 To 2019. J Reproductive Health. 2020;11(2):163-177. DOI:

Permatahati R. Factors influencing the incidence of low birth weight (BBLR) in the Puskesmas area of Tanjung Priok District, North Jakarta in 2018.; 2018.

Ramadhani F, Hano YH. Determinants of the Incidence of Low Birth Weight Babies (BBLR) in Gorontalo. J Kesmas Untika Luwuk. 2020;11(2):37-42. DOI:

Hestiyana N, Razy F. Correlation of Hypertension in Childbirth with the Incidence of Low Birth Weight Babies (BBLR) at DR. H. Moch Anshari Saleh Banjarmasin Hospital. Natl Semin Obstetrics. 2019;1(1):177-187. DOI:

Syafira IT. Relationship of Gestational Hypertension with BBLR Incidence Rate. J med hutama. 2021;3(1):1519-1523.

Salim N. Relationship of Anxiety Level with Parity of Iii Trimester Pregnancy at Jongaya Health Center, Makassar City.; 2020.

Abdulhaq M, Sumirih. The Relationship between Knowledge and Anxiety Levels of Primipara and Multipara Mothers whose Babies are Treated in the Neonate Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Room of Mh. Thamrin Salemba Hospital. J Afiat. 2018;4(2):571-582. DOI:

Siallagan D, Lestari D. Anxiety Level facing Childbirth Based on Health Status, Gravidity and Age in the Jombang Puskesmas Work Area. J Midwivery. 2018;1(2):104-110. DOI:

Silva MMJ, Nogueira DA, Clapis MJ, Leite EPRC. Anxiety in Pregnancy: Prevalence and Related Factors. Rev Da Esc Enferm. 2017;51:1-8. DOI:


PlumX Metrics



How to Cite

Dinengsih, S., Hardiyati, N. R., & Lail, N. H. (2022). Analysis of Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight Events. Jurnal Midpro, 14(2), 235–242.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>