The Assosiation Between Nutritional Status and Fine Motor Development in Children Aged 36-42 Months


  • Fitria Edni Wari Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Majapahit
  • Farida Yuliani Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Majapahit
  • Erfiani Mail Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Majapahit



Fine Motor Development, Nutritional Status


Motor development is related to nutritional status, optimal nutrition affects the physical growth of cell proliferation. Malnutrition will affect the development of children where the proportion of body structure becomes inappropriate for their age and interferes with the development of other aspects, one of which is fine motor development. This study used an analytical survey research design with a cross sectional approach with the aim of knowing the relationship between nutritional status and fine motor development. The population and sample in this study were 36-42 months old children in PAUD Tarbiyatush Shibyan, Gayaman Village, Mojoanyar District, amounting to 36 children with a total sampling technique. This study uses a weight scale instrument to measure body weight in determining the nutritional status of children with the criteria of Weight based on Age and KPSP (Kuesioner Pra Skrining Perkembangan) observation sheet to measure children's fine motor development. Data analysis with univariate analysis and bivariate analysis on two variables that are suspected to be correlated. Chi Square test was performed. Chi Square test results obtained p Value = 0.004 <0.05 which indicates that there is a relationship between nutritional status and fine motor development in PAUD Tarbiyatush Shibyan, Gayaman Village, Mojoanyar District. Midwife coordinates with the teaching staff/teachers in the school to monitor progress and continuous stimulation.


Download data is not yet available.


Windiani, I. G. A. T., Agustini, N. K. W., Adnyana, I. G. A. N. S., Soetjiningsih, S. & Murti, N. L. S. P. The association between nutritional status and risk of developmental disorder in children in Denpasar Bali Indonesia. Open Access Maced. J. Med. Sci. 9, 687–691 (2021). DOI:

Dulal, S., Prost, A., Karki, S., Saville, N. & Merom, D. Characteristics and effects of integrated nutrition and stimulation interventions to improve the nutritional status and development of children under 5 years of age: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Glob. Heal. 6, 1–16 (2021). DOI:

Sari, D. W., W, E. N. & Purwanto, S. Hubungan antara status gizi dengan perkembangan motorik kasar anak usia 1 – 5 tahun di posyandu buah hati ketelan banjarsari surakarta. J. Kesehat. 5, 157–164 (2012).

Hadi, S. P. I. Hubungan Status Gizi Dengan Perkembangan Motorik Pada Anak Usia 12-36 Bulan Di Desa Sambirejo, Kecamatan Bringin, Kabupaten Semarang. J. Kebidanan Kestra 1, 1–7 (2019). DOI:

Ananda, A. R. & Messakh, S. T. Gambaran Status Gizi dan Perkembangan Motorik Anak Usia 3-5 Tahun Di Kelurahan Pulutan, Salatiga. J. Sains dan Kesehat. 2, 472–479 (2020). DOI:

Ishud, N. K. & Romadona, N. F. A Review of The Effect of Nutritional Status on Gross Motor Skills of Early Childhood. in International Conference on Elementary Education vol. 2 664–674 (2020).

Ford, N. D. & Stein, A. D. Risk factors affecting child cognitive development: a summary of nutrition, environment, and maternal–child interaction indicators for sub-Saharan Africa. J. Dev. Orig. Health Dis. 7, 197–217 (2016). DOI:

Peyre, H. et al. Differential effects of factors influencing cognitive development at the age of 5-to-6 years. Cogn. Dev. 40, 152–162 (2016). DOI:

Ali, A., Pigou, D., Clarke, L. & McLachlan, C. Literature review on motor skill and physical activity in preschool children in New Zealand. (2017). DOI:

Matheis, M. & Estabillo, J. A. Assessment of fine and gross motor skills in children. in Handbook of Childhood Psychopathology and Developmental Disabilities Assessment 467–484 (Springer, 2018). DOI:

Sita Dewi, N. L. D. A. & Yulaika, A. Analisis Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perkembangan Motorik Halus Pada Anak Usia Prasekolah Di Tk Ra Diponegoro Desa Ngajum Kabupaten Malang. J. Kesehat. Mesencephalon 5, (2019). DOI:

Noflidaputri, R. & Herwindi, R. Hubungan Status Gizi Dan Ekonomi Dengan Perkembangan Motorik Halus Anak Usia 2 Sampai 3 Tahun Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Lima Kaum 1. J-HESTECH (Journal Heal. Educ. Sci. Technol. 3, 95 (2020). DOI:

As, S., Hadju, V. & Tammasse, J. The Correlation between Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor ( BDNF ) Level and Motor Development of Children Aged Under 2 Years in Timor Tengah Selatan Nusa Tenggara Timur. Ijsbar 23, 164–172 (2015).

Corsi, C., Santos, M. M. dos, de Andrade Perez Marques, L. & Rocha, N. A. C. F. Impact of extrinsic factors on fine motor performance of children attending day care. Rev. Paul. Pediatr. 34, 439–446 (2016). DOI:


Prasetyowati, P. Status Gizi dan Perkembangan Motorik Halus Anak Usia 48 – 60 Bulan. J. Kesehat. Metro Sai Wawai 11, 77 (2018). DOI:


Additional Files

PlumX Metrics



How to Cite

Wari, F. E., Yuliani, F., & Mail, E. (2022). The Assosiation Between Nutritional Status and Fine Motor Development in Children Aged 36-42 Months. Jurnal Midpro, 14(1), 27–34.